Grammar Structure List

Present Tense

Present Simple: I make a cake.
Present Simple Passive: A cake is made.
Present Continuous: I am making a cake.
Present Continuous Passive: A cake is being made.
Present Perfect: I have made a cake.
Present Perfect Continuous: I have been making a cake.
Present Perfect Passive: A cake has been made.

Past Tense

Past Simple: I made a cake
Past Simple Passive: A cake was made.
Past Continuous: I was making a cake.
Past Continuous Passive: A cake was being made.
Past Perfect: I had made a cake.
Past Perfect Continuous: I had been making a cake.
Past Perfect Passive: A cake had been made.


Gerund Simple: I like making cakes.

Gerund Simple Passive: The cake doesn’t like being made.

Gerund Perfect: I’m happy about having made a cake.

Gerund Perfect Continuous: I remembered having been making a cake for days.

Gerund Perfect Passive: The cake denied having been made.


Infinitive Form

Infinitive: I can make a cake.
Infinitive passive: A cake can be made.
Infinitive continuous: He could be making a cake.
Infinitive perfect: I could have made a cake.
Infinitive perfect continuous: I might have been making a cake.
Infinitive perfect passive: A cake should have been made


Adverbial clause: I make cakes when I am hungry.
Noun clause: A cake is what I made.
Relative clause: This is a cake I made.